|金融危机, 房地产, 投资 (25)||字体[大 中 小] 颜色[蓝 绿 黑]|
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BestSong200 || DreamDance || Verses || Fav-short || 2008-1, 2, 3 || 08 Crisis || 08 Election || |
新人新诗 || 新人报到 || 2009-1, 2 ||
金融危机, 房地产, 投资 (I), (II), (III), (IV), (V) , (VI) , (VII) , (VIII) , (IX), (X) <= click the link for details
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金融危机, 房地产, 投资 (25)
※ 来源： http://www.JiaoYou8.com ※
|评论于：2009-05-04 10:05:57|| || [评论]|
原题:Obama, tech Titans clash over tax policy
美国权威调研机构硅谷领导集团(Silicon Valley Leadership Group)首席执行官卡尔·瓜尔迪诺(Carl Guardino)表示，“若按地震的级数来衡量，该消息的轰动程度可以称得上是20级了！”
|评论于：2009-05-04 10:05:00|| || [评论]|
Obama to crack down on business taxes
Obama to ask Congress to crackdown on tax havens, international tax exemptions
- Philip Elliott, Associated Press Writer
- On Monday May 4, 2009, 8:09 am EDT
WASHINGTON (AP) -- President Barack Obama plans changes to tax policy certain to be unpopular with corporations with international divisions and individuals who use tax havens.
Obama's two-part plan, which he is slated to unveil at the White House on Monday, also calls for 800 new federal tax agents to enforce the system.
The president's proposal would eliminate some tax deductions for companies that earn profits in countries with low tax rates, as well as consider U.S. citizens who use tax havens in the Bahamas or Cayman Islands guilty of violating U.S. tax laws. If Obama wins congressional approval for the changes -- and he faces a challenge on Capitol Hill -- it could deliver $210 billion in tax revenue over the next decade.
Treasury Secretary Timothy Geithner was to join Obama for the 11 a.m. comments.
Officials described the administration's plan ahead of the announcement on the condition of anonymity so they wouldn't upstage the president's remarks. However, they acknowledged the political challenges facing the plan. The administration won't seek a complete repeal of overseas tax benefits and, although the rule changes are narrower than some anticipated, business leaders still oppose them as a tax hike. Obama aides countered that the plan is a step toward a massive overhaul of international financial regulations the president has promised.
In exchange, Obama said he was willing to make permanent a research tax credit that was to expire at the end of the year and is popular with businesses. Officials estimate that making the tax credits permanent would cost taxpayers $74.5 billion over the next decade.
But administration aides said 75 percent of those tax credits paid workers' wages; given the struggling economy, aides were reluctant to do anything that could add more Americans to the unemployment rolls.
It was small comfort. Companies who shelter profits in international accounts stand to lose billions if Obama's plan becomes law. Under the existing regulation, those companies pay taxes only if they bring the profits back to the U.S. If they keep the profits offshore, they can defer paying taxes indefinitely -- and many do.
Obama's plan wouldn't go into effect until 2011; Obama has said he does not want to tinker with tax revenues until his $787 billion stimulus plan has run its course. The proposals, however, were far from complete, and aides said this was just one piece of the administration's plan for sweeping overhaul.
First up: Companies won't be able to write-off domestic expenses for generating profits abroad. For instance, administrative tasks performed in New York for a London office would not be tax deductible in the United States.
Administration officials depicted the move as a way to close unfair tax loopholes that encouraged companies to send jobs overseas. They argued that if it costs the same amount to do business in, say, Ireland as in Iowa, why not do it entirely in Des Moines? Officials said Obama would characterize the move as a way to keep jobs in the United States and fight a system that is rigged against U.S. companies who keep their entire business operation domestic.
Obama also planned to ask Congress to crack down on tax havens and implement a major shift in the way courts view guilt. Under Obama's proposal, Americans would have to prove they were not breaking U.S. tax laws by sending money to banks that don't cooperate with tax officials. It essentially would reverse the long-held assumption of innocence in U.S. courts.
If financial institutions cooperate with Washington and disclose details when asked, Americans could invest anywhere they like.
Obama officials also said they would close a Clinton-era provision that would cost $87 billion over the next decade by letting U.S. companies "check the box" and treat international subsidiaries as mere branch offices. Officials said it was meant as a paperwork shortcut that is now a widely used and perfectly legal way to avoid paying billions in taxes on international operations.
|评论于：2009-05-04 10:04:10|| || [评论]|
|Obama seeks tax changes for U.S. firms overseas|
WASHINGTON (Reuters) – President Barack Obama on Monday will propose changing provisions in the tax code that he says encourage U.S. companies to move jobs overseas, as part of a broader package aimed at saving $210 billion over 10 years.
U.S. officials said that in an announcement planned for 11:05 a.m. EDT, Obama will seek to follow through on a campaign promise to change the tax treatment of American firms with overseas operations.
That portion of his plan -- opposed by such firms as Pfizer Inc and Oracle Corp -- would raise more than $100 billion in revenue over the next decade.
In an echo of a line he used often on the campaign trail last year, Obama vowed in a February address to the U.S. Congress to make the tax code more fair by "finally ending the tax breaks for corporations that ship our jobs overseas."
Currently, U.S. firms are allowed to defer paying taxes on profits earned overseas if they plow those profits back into their foreign subsidiaries.
Critics say those rules encourage businesses to bolster their foreign operations instead of creating jobs at home.
But an array of firms signed onto a letter to congressional leaders in March opposing changes to the so-called deferral provision, saying they would make U.S. businesses less competitive.
The letter was signed by 200 companies and trade associations, including Pfizer, Oracle, Microsoft Corp Johnson & Johnson and General Electric Co as well as the Business Roundtable and the U.S. Chamber of Commerce.
The letter said the firms would not be on a level playing field with international rivals, many of which are not required to pay taxes at home on overseas entities.
Senior U.S. officials who described Obama's plans said they were balanced and would not put excessive burdens on firms.
NO MORE DEDUCTING EXPENSES
A central provision would prohibit companies from deducting expenses supporting their overseas operations until they pay taxes on offshore profits.
The officials said the plan would also end a practice by which some firms take big deductions against their taxes by inflating the amount of foreign taxes they have paid.
The proposal also includes extension of a research and experimentation tax credit the administration says businesses have been pushing for, which is expected to give a tax cut of $74.5 billion over 10 years to companies investing at home.
Obama's proposals on deferral mirror legislation drafted by House Democrats, whom the Obama administration consulted in crafting its plan.
In addition to the changes to the deferral provisions, separate proposals in Obama's plan would raise $95 billion by cracking down on overseas tax havens. Such tax havens became a major topic at the April meeting in London of leaders of the Group of 20 major economies.
The Obama plan would close loopholes that allow firms and individuals to hide income. He also plans to bolster enforcement of overseas tax evasion and wants to see stiffer penalties for those who fail to meet reporting requirements.
While serving in the U.S. Senate, Obama backed legislation drafted by Sen. Carl Levin, head of the Senate Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations, to crack down on tax havens.
That legislation did not pass, but Levin and other lawmakers are working on other ways to address these issues.
In one of the proposals to crack down on tax evasion, the administration would require financial institutions to share information to the Internal Revenue Service about its U.S. customers. Foreign institutions must sign up with the IRS to become "a qualified intermediary" or else face a presumption that they are helping individuals evade taxes.
"The financial institution has to come forward with evidence to show there is not tax evasion going on," one official said.
Swiss banking giant UBS AG acknowledged in February that it helped U.S. clients conceal assets from their government. It agreed to pay a $780 million fine and has since identified about 320 of its American clients.
The U.S. government is now suing UBS in a civil case to reveal the identities of 52,000 Americans suspected of using accounts at the bank to hide about $14.8 billion of assets and evade U.S. taxes.
(Editing by Doina Chiacu)
|评论于：2009-05-01 10:09:06|| || [评论]|
|List of highest-paid CEOs for 2008|
The 10 highest-paid CEOs for 2008 at Standard & Poor's 500 companies based on calculations by The Associated Press. The analysis includes companies that filed proxy statements with the Securities and Exchange Commission between Jan. 1 and April 20. The total pay figures are rounded and are based on the AP's compensation formula, which adds up salary, perks, bonuses, preferential interest rates on pay set aside for later, and company estimates for the value of stock options and stock awards on the day they were granted last year.
1. Aubrey McClendon, Chesapeake Energy Corp., $112.5 million
2. Sanjay Jha, Motorola Inc., $104.4 million
3. Robert Iger, Walt Disney Co., $51.1 million
4. Lloyd Blankfein, Goldman Sachs Group Inc., $42.9 million
5. Kenneth Chenault, American Express Co., $42.9 million
6. Vikram Pandit, Citigroup Inc., $38.2 million
7. Steven Farris, Apache Corp., $37.2 million
8. Louis Camilleri, Philip Morris International Inc., $36.9 million
9. Kevin Johnson, Juniper Networks Inc., $36.1 million
10. Jamie Dimon, JPMorgan Chase & Co., $35.7 million
|评论于：2009-05-01 01:33:38|| || [评论]|
中新社纽约四月三十日电 题 国际观察：美国为何让克莱斯勒车轮停转？
|评论于：2009-04-23 02:01:39|| || [评论]|
备受金融海啸冲击的美国房贷机构「房贷美」(Freddie Mac)，其署理首席财务官凯勒曼(David Kellermann)周三怀疑在家中吊颈自杀。凯勒曼在去年9月华府接管房贷美后，才临危受命，出任首席财务官(CFO)一职。但证交会目前正调查房贷美过往核数纪录，多名高层被问话，凯勒曼曾任房贷美首席核数师，一直负责公司的财务申报。
美国财长盖特纳(Timothy Geithner)发声明对凯勒曼的死表示悲伤，并对凯勒曼家人及房贷美员工表达慰问。房贷美署理总裁科斯肯伦(John Koskinen)亦发声明致哀，称他的死是悲剧，并讚扬他的工作操守，「他非凡的工作操守及正直启发了跟他共事的同僚」。2005年离开房贷美的前高层史蒂文(David Steven)形容，他的死是「悲剧」﹕「他工作勤奋，人很好，而且态度正面。」
41岁的凯勒曼在房贷美工作超过16年，曾任财务总监、首席核数师、公司高级副主席等职，负责财务申报及披露，履行税务条例、每年预算及财务策划等。去年 9月房贷美及房利美(两房)在次按危机下濒临崩溃，要由华府出手拯救接管。华府撤换了原来的管理层，凯勒曼被任命为首席财务官，Carlyle Group高级顾问莫菲特(David Moffett)则获聘为总裁，凯勒曼直接向他负责。但莫菲特就任半年后，于上月突然辞职，称希望重返金融服务界，令政府要另觅掌舵人。
|评论于：2009-04-22 12:58:48|| || [评论]|
房地美(Freddie Mac，NYSE：FRE，旧名联邦住房抵押贷款公司)，是美国政府赞助企业(GSE，Government Sponsored Enterprise)中第二大的一家，商业规模仅次于房利美。
抵押投资组合总金额达1.29兆美元，其中5690亿美元抵押资产是其自身投资一部分。债券市场协会(Bond Market Association)资料显示，由Fannie mae、Freddie Mac与Ginnie Mae提供担保的抵押担保证券或债券，达到3.2兆美元，占美国流通债券总值的16%。
|评论于：2009-04-15 21:50:00|| || [评论]|
|Obamas report $2.7 million in income for 2008|
WASHINGTON – President Barack Obama and his wife, Michelle, millionaires from his best-selling books, made $2.7 million last year and paid just under one-third of their adjusted income in federal taxes. While the income, mostly his, was far more than the U.S. median household income of about $50,000, it was quite a decrease from the $4.2 million the Obamas made in 2007.
Both years, nearly all of the earnings came from Obama's best-selling books. "Dreams from My Father" and "The Audacity of Hope" — brought in about $2.5 million in royalties last year, according to copies of the returns released by the White House on Wednesday, the federal filing deadline.
Obama earned $139,204 as a Democratic senator from Illinois last year before leaving his seat after winning the November election. Michelle Obama received a salary of $62,709 from the University of Chicago Hospitals, where she was an executive.
The couple's total federal tax came to $855,323. That was 32 percent of their adjusted gross income of $2,656,902.
The Obamas overpaid by $26,014, and elected to apply that amount to their 2009 taxes.
The couple's federal tax deductions included about $50,000 in home mortgage interest. Their expenses also included $47,488 to send their two daughters to the University of Chicago's elementary school.
They reported contributing $172,050 to charity last year, including $25,000 each to the CARE international relief agency and the United Negro College Fund. That $172,050 represented about 6.5 percent of the family's adjusted gross income. That percentage is roughly two to three times the national average for household donations to charity, according to the Center on Philanthropy at Indiana University.
The Obamas gave a total of $1,400 to five churches. In contrast to 2007, they gave nothing to the Trinity United Church of Christ. Barack Obama was a longtime member of the church, and gave it $26,270 in 2007, but resigned from it and cut ties with its pastor, the Rev. Jeremiah Wright, after Wright made incendiary comments that became a campaign issue.
The Obamas' total Illinois income tax was $78,765, their state return showed.
The White House also released Vice President Joe Biden's tax returns. Biden and his wife, Jill, earned $269,256 last year.
The Bidens' main sources of income were salaries from the Senate, Widener University, Delaware Technical & Community College and royalties from the audio rights to the vice president's memoir, "Promises to Keep."
According to tax returns released by the vice president's office, the Bidens paid $46,952 in federal income taxes and $11,164 in Delaware state income taxes. They donated $1,885 to charity.
Biden served in the Senate from 1973 until Jan. 15 of this year.
|评论于：2009-04-14 13:14:18|| || [评论]|
|1. 我悄悄退了。我已和Lotosriver 私下里成为最好的朋友，就差你了。只要你在，我会偶尔上来用悄悄话给你留言。 // wow. congratulation and pls add me one. will visit you all maybe someday in the far future. or do feel free to drop by when you visit la, ca.|
2. 皇后乐队的演出太棒了，其中的一个弹电子吉他的男孩，是我去年教过的学生。// fantastic. you should be an excellent instructor.
|评论于：2009-04-14 02:31:45|| || [评论]|
摩托罗拉联合CEO桑贾伊·杰哈 年薪1亿440万美元 = 144 Engineers of $100k/per yr.
// how much money or profit can a company make just to pay off a top employee annual pay, not even to mention the whole management group throughout the company.
// capitalism is running into a dead-end.