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金融危机, 房地产, 投资 (26)字体[ ] 颜色[ 绿 ]
分类:随笔小记  创建于:2009-05-04 被查看:12149次 [收藏:日记|作者] [评论]
BestSong200 || DreamDance || Verses || Fav-short || 2008-12, || 08 Crisis || 08 Election ||
新人新诗 || 新人报到 || 2009-1, 2 ||

金融危机, 房地产, 投资 (I), (II) (III)(IV)(V) (VI) (VII) (VIII) (IX)(X) <= click the link for details
金融危机, 房地产, 投资 (XI), (XII),  (XIII),  (XIV), (15)(16)(17),  (18),  (19)(20) <= click the link for details

金融危机, 房地产, 投资 (21),(22),(23),(24),(25), (26), <= click the link for details

金融危机, 房地产, 投资 (26) 

Obama calls for crackdown on offshore tax havens

WASHINGTON — Following through on a campaign promise to stop rewarding companies that send jobs and money overseas, President Barack Obama on Monday called for eliminating various loopholes that benefit offshore tax havens and ratcheting up overseas enforcement, which he said could save $210 billion over a decade and encourage more job creation at home.

The proposals, which would require congressional action, enjoy support from some Democratic lawmakers, but they face loud objections from others, including Senate Republican leader Mitch McConnell of Kentucky , and from hundreds of the most powerful businesses in the nation, including those that produce technology, pharmaceuticals and food.

Opponents say that Obama's proposals would amount to a tax increase and put them at a disadvantage to foreign rivals who don't face such tax laws in their home countries.

"I want to see our companies remain the most competitive in the world," Obama said in announcing his plans at the White House , flanked by Treasury Secretary Timothy Geithner . "But the way to make sure that happens is not to reward our companies for moving jobs off our shores or transferring profits to overseas tax havens."

As evidence of the problem, a White House fact sheet noted that:

— The effective U.S. tax rate on U.S. multinational corporations as of 2004, the most recent year for data, was 2.3 percent.

— Eighty-three of the 100 largest U.S. corporations had subsidiaries in tax havens, according to the Government Accountability Office .

Bermuda , the Netherlands and Ireland — all small, low-tax countries — claimed nearly a third of all foreign profits reported in 2003 by U.S. corporations.

Obama wants to reduce companies' ability to defer taxes on overseas profits, end many overseas tax havens and aggressively hunt down overseas tax evaders.

To do so, he proposes tightening regulations and hiring 800 more Internal Revenue Service agents. In turn, he said he'd pump billions of projected savings into guaranteed funding of a research and experimentation tax credit for companies that invest in jobs in the U.S.

McConnell said Monday that while he supports cracking down on tax evasion and offshore shelters, he doesn't back the overall plan.

"I cannot endorse a plan that gives preferential treatment to foreign companies at the expense of U.S.-based companies and the 52 million people they employ," he said.

Marty Regalia, the chief economist for the U.S. Chamber of Commerce , said in a statement following Obama's remarks that "when you limit deferral, you limit the ability of U.S. companies to compete, you impede growth in the U.S. economy, and you cause the loss of jobs — both at the companies directly impacted and companies in their supply chains."

In taking on the Chamber, Obama also is taking on big companies, such as Microsoft , DuPont , General Electric and Eli Lilly , among the more than 200 companies and trade associations that have gone on record in opposition to the move since March.

White House press secretary Robert Gibbs said Monday that "we know we're going to take on some tough interests in that, but the president believes this is a fight we should have and one that we can win." Gibbs said the changes should be seen as a matter of "fairness, not something that will put them at a competitive disadvantage."

Under current law, U.S. companies can defer for years paying taxes on profits if they're putting the money back into offshore subsidiaries. Under Obama's proposal, companies could take deductions for foreign expenses only if they were paying taxes on foreign profits to the U.S.

How companies can take a foreign tax credit also would be tightened, so that the credit reflects how much foreign tax is actually paid and so it can't be used on income that isn't subject to U.S. tax.

Obama would end "check-the-box" rules that allow U.S. companies to set up subsidiaries in tax havens to avoid paying taxes. Going forward, U.S. businesses establishing certain overseas corporations would have to report them on U.S. tax returns.

Obama also would give the IRS more legal authority to get more information from foreign bank account holders in order to determine whether they're attempting to evade U.S. taxes.

In his remarks, Obama criticized "a tax code that says you should pay lower taxes if you create a job in Bangalore, India , than if you create one in Buffalo, N.Y. " He blamed lobbyists for "a broken tax system" and said he is out to change things.

"Nobody likes paying taxes, particularly in times of economic stress," Obama said. However, he said, "most Americans" recognize that "it's an obligation of citizenship, necessary to pay the costs of our common defense and our mutual well-being."

※ 来源: http://www.JiaoYou8.com ※
评论于:2009-05-12 18:32:27  [评论]


5月12日报道 随着更多利好经济指标出台,更多商界和官方人士对经济复苏前景表示谨慎看好。正在瑞士参加国际清算银行(BIS)会议的一些央行首脑昨天表示,世界经济已经出现了改善迹象,但还需保持谨慎。

















评论于:2009-05-12 18:31:13  [评论]
白宫称本财年赤字将破1.8万亿美元 危机或转为灾难

华盛顿5月11日电 美国白宫11日表示,由于经济衰退以及政府大量开支以刺激经济,本财年美国政府财政赤字将达到创纪录的1.8万亿美元以上,约为上一财年赤字规模的4倍。




评论于:2009-05-12 18:27:14  [评论]
王岐山称英国金融危机源自贪婪 银行家鸦雀无声





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 当地时间5月11日,中国国务院副总理王岐山在中国银行伦敦分行成立80周年庆祝晚宴上致辞,阐述控制金融风险的重要性。 中新社发魏群摄




评论于:2009-05-10 01:38:04  [评论]

台湾《财金杂志》近日载文称,3年前,花旗集团还是全球市值最大的银行;2年多前,股价创56美元历史新高,市值逾2700亿美元;现在,市值不到100亿美元,股价3月初曾跌破心理关卡1美元。对此文章分析称,花旗的前景仍旧坎坷,不知是否还有下个20 年,再将股价从个位数拉到50美元,重新展现价值。 




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美国花旗集团首席执行官维克拉姆潘迪特日前在向员工发送的备忘录中披露,该集团在连续5个季度报亏后今年前两个月实现了盈利。潘迪特表示,花旗今年前两个月的营业收入为190亿美元,营业利润109亿美元。 中新社发 绍常 摄




评论于:2009-05-09 09:31:10  [评论]

韩国《朝鲜日报》7日刊载美林证券专务、亚太总部客户管理总管李南雨撰写的文章,题为“‘中美G2时代’ 只剩一步之遥”。全文如下:



  日本经济停滞不前也是“中国崛起”的有利因素。日本经济规模仍处全球第二,直至上世纪90年代初,仍具备能挑战美国霸主地位的潜力,但如今却已呈衰败之势。多数人预测,日本经济继去年出现负增长后,今年有可能达到5%的负增长,经济将严重衰退。日本3月份的出口减少了46%,而且如果不借助于中国的振兴经济政策,该数值将超过50%. 领导力欠缺和人口高龄化等社会结构上的不利因素导致日本重返世界强国之列显得异常很难。


评论于:2009-05-08 19:51:05  [评论]

// hope those who are affected (layoff, outsourced) will be recovered soon.

Evidence piling up that worst of recession is over

Evidence growing that worst of recession over, but recovery will be slow as unemployment grows

  • On Friday May 8, 2009, 5:12 pm EDT

    WASHINGTON (AP) -- Evidence is piling up that the worst part of the recession has ended. But that doesn't mean the pain is over.

    A better-than-expected unemployment report Friday -- job losses declined to the lowest level in six months -- capped a week of encouraging news, including firmer home sales, a revival in consumer spending and fresh optimism about the biggest U.S. banks.

    The economy remains vulnerable to further shocks, and 13.7 million people are unemployed. The jobless rate rose to 8.9 percent in the new report and still seems headed for a stinging 10 percent.

    Yet confidence is building that the recession, the longest since the Great Depression, will end this summer or fall, setting the stage for a slow recovery.

    Pointing to recent improvements, President Barack Obama said Friday "the gears of our economic engine do seem to be slowly turning once again."

    By some measures, the darkest months have passed. The plunges in economic activity and rising waves of layoffs, seen from the end of 2008 through the start of this year, seem to have subsided.

    "The winds are still howling, but I think we can see the sunlight on the distant horizon," said Mark Zandi, chief economist at Moody's Economy.com. "Clearly, the job losses are moderating."

    Wall Street investors could see the sunlight, too. The Dow Jones industrials gained nearly 165 points and finished 4.4 percent higher for the week. It was the eighth gain for the index in nine weeks.

    The economy probably is still shrinking in the current quarter but only at about half the pace -- around 3 percent -- that it had in the prior six months, the worst in 50 years. Businesses are expected to be cutting back far less on things like home building, commercial construction, equipment and software. And factories could then boost production to replenish razor-thin stockpiles of goods.

    Many believe the economy could start growing again by summer or, more likely, by the final quarter of this year, as the impact of tax cuts and increased government spending on big public works projects contained in Obama's $787 billion stimulus package takes hold.

    Job losses are expected to continue through the rest of the year, but are likely to be smaller in number.

    Losses averaged 700,000 a month in the first quarter but dropped to 539,000 in April, according to Friday's Labor Department report. They should average around 500,000 in the current quarter and taper off to 250,000 a month in the final quarter of the year, according to some projections.

    That's probably cold comfort to Tara Barrone, 28, of McLean, Va., who was checking out job prospects at the Secret Service at a career fair Friday.

    "Government jobs are popular because of the sense of stability," she said. "I know I'm looking for a sense of security and permanency after being laid off twice in the last year." The lines at the Secret Service booth were much longer than at other recruiters.

    Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke earlier this week gave his most optimistic prediction yet about the end of the recession. He said he expects the economy to start growing again this year -- though the comeback could be weak and more jobs will disappear even after a recovery takes hold.

    A burst of hiring by the federal government to prepare for the 2010 Census played a big role in the April improvement. Smaller payrolls cuts at construction companies, factories, retailers and financial services also factored in.

    The unemployment rate, however, climbed to 8.9 percent, the highest since late 1983. It will probably keep rising the rest of the year, even if monthly job losses continue to slow. Companies won't spring into hiring mode until they feel confident that an economic recovery is firmly rooted.

    The Fed says unemployment will remain elevated into 2011. Economists say the job market may not get back to normal -- meaning a 5 percent unemployment rate -- until 2013.

    If laid-off workers who have given up looking for new jobs or have settled for part-time work are included, the unemployment rate in April would have been 15.8 percent, the highest in records dating back to 1994. The total number of unemployed now stands at 13.7 million.

    Still, a string of reports out this week suggested the recession is finally starting to lose its bite and the economy is stabilizing.

    -- The number of newly laid-off workers filing applications for jobless benefits plunged to the lowest level in 14 weeks.

    -- Sales at many retailers fared better in April, with Wal-Mart Stores Inc. leading the way.

    -- Construction spending rose in March, the first increase after five straight months of declines. An index of pending home sales also ticked up.

    -- The U.S. services sector contracted in April at a slower pace than the prior month.

    -- Government exams of the nation's biggest banks helped lift a cloud of uncertainty that has hung over the economy.

    Those "stress test" results -- a key administration effort to boost confidence in the financial system -- showed nine of the 19 biggest banks have enough capital to withstand a deeper recession. Ten must raise a total of $75 billion in new capital to withstand possible future losses.

    Taken altogether, the recent news provides "very clear signs that we are making progress toward reaching a bottom, which is the first step you need to accomplish before you can achieve a turnaround," said Ken Mayland, president of ClearView Economics. "A recovery is now in sight."

    However, the housing, credit and financial crises -- the worst since the 1930s -- have racked up a lot of damage, and it could take years to get back to normal.

    Since the recession began in December 2007, the economy has lost a net total of 5.7 million jobs. The 741,000 lost in January were the most since the fall of 1949.

    Job cuts have continued this week. Steelmaker Severstal International said it's idling plants in West Virginia and Ohio, resulting in 3,100 layoffs. Microsoft Corp. said it was starting thousands of the 5,000 job cuts it announced earlier this year and left the door open to even more.

    As the recession eats into sales and profits, companies have turned to other cost-cutting measures, too. Those including holding down workers' hours and freezing or cutting pay.

    The average work week in April stayed at 33.2 hours, matching the record low set in March. And workers' wages barely budged, meaning consumers will probably stay somewhat cautious in the months ahead. Average hourly earnings nudged up to $18.51, a 0.1 percent rise.

    Slower job losses across a number of industries -- along with 66,000 more federal jobs -- helped to temper the overall payroll reductions in April. The pickup in federal employment was mainly due to the hiring of 63,000 temporary Census workers.

    By fall, the Census Bureau expects to have hired 1.4 million workers. Stephen L. Buckner, a Census Bureau spokesman, said turnover and finding qualified applicants haven't been a problem, "with the economy the way that it is."

    Labor Secretary Hilda Solis, wouldn't speculate on the future pace of layoffs but warned that some of the jobs lost "may not come back." She urged jobseekers to get training and education to be contenders for work in growing industries, such as health care, which added nearly 17,000 jobs in April.

    Obama asked states and colleges to help jobless people pursue education and training without losing their unemployment benefits. States generally require people who collect unemployment to be actively looking for work, which can make it difficult to sign up for school or job training. Under Obama's plan, going to school would satisfy the requirement that they were seeking new employment.

    "We're still in the midst of a recession that was years in the making and will be months or even years in the unmaking," Obama said. But he added: "Step by step, we are making progress."

    AP Photojournalist Jacquelyn Martin in Washington and Frank Bass in East Dover, Vt., contributed to this report.

评论于:2009-05-08 15:47:34  [评论]
// no difference. 一年赚上100万才算有钱











评论于:2009-05-07 23:21:18  [评论]




  今年“新财富500富人榜”上榜富人的财富总额为16285.6亿元,较2008年的26027亿元大幅下降37.4%,蒸发9741.4亿元;上榜富人的人均财富由去年的52.1亿元下跌到32.6亿元。今年的上榜门槛也由去年的13.5亿元略微下降至13.4亿元。值得一提的是,如果以去年上榜的500 名富人(剔除14位目前财富状况不明者)2008-2009年的财富数额变动计算,其总财富更由去年的25625.2亿元下降到今年的13511.4亿元,缩水幅度达到47.3%。

  超级富人的数量今年同样大大削减。去年财富超过300亿元的富人有8位,而今年首富沈文荣的财富也只有200亿元;去年财富数额达到或超过200亿元的富人有26 位,今年只有1位;去年身家达到或超过百亿元为53位,今年仅为17位;去年有366位富人财富达到或超过20亿元,而今年的数据是337位。这些统计数据显示,过去一年富人们经历了一场空前的财富蒸发过程。

  值得注意的是,这是“新财富500富人榜”推出7年来各项财富指标的首次下降,这也反映出全球金融市场动荡下中国经济所面临的严峻形势。同时,由于“新财富 500富人榜”实质上是一张民企创富榜,500富人财富总额37.4%的降幅高于2008年中国GDP增速21%的回落幅度,则令人感受到民营企业在经济调整中更处于劣势。






  2003 年,也是全球泛滥的流动性带动股市、楼市、艺术品市场兴起一轮大牛市的起点。这场牛市中,中国富人也享受了财富的狂欢:2008年64%的上榜富人旗下拥有上市公司,并受益于上市公司的估值提升;房地产业的杨惠妍2007、2008年蝉联首富,在2007年碧桂园控股股价最高点时,身家一度超过1300亿元;金融股2007年的大涨则令该行业富人2008年人均财富达到80.4亿元,居各行业之首。





  2008 年,中国富人与中国经济一起经历了种种波折,但改革开放30年的经济增长夯实了家底,中国经济的肌体依然健康,7年间,500富人榜的门槛从2003年的 2亿元,提高到2008年的13.5亿元,今年仅较去年下降0.1亿元,就是一个印证。目前,在财政政策的刺激之下,中国经济正迅速走出谷底,股市对此已有预先反映,不过,实体经济的回暖、内需市场的启动尚待时日,这意味着,富人财富的后续增长仍是一个渐进的过程。
评论于:2009-05-07 07:17:24  [评论]


  2009年04月27日     新世纪周刊









  其实美国经济怎么恢复的?最重要的原因就是二战,美国参战。你别听他讲,为了民主、自由,算了。真正的原因是什么?经济萧条不行了,这是我对他的评估。失业人口17%,多么危险的社会动荡,干脆都去打仗。美国参战之后,透过各种产品的需求,它消耗特别快。比如说一架飞机上面,它不只是一个机械的问题,而是螺丝钉、玻璃、塑胶?? 因此对于战争而言,它整个需求就不是挖洞工人的一点薪水去买面包那么小的需求量,范围也不会那么窄,而是对于整个美国的工业,各方面的需求,因为所有的工业都需要才能够造一架战斗机。而这种第二次世界大战所引发的对于各种行业的需求大幅上涨的结果,挽救了美国经济。

评论于:2009-05-05 01:02:12  [评论]
西方“先进”金融系统不堪一击 问题依然很大




  5月1日,美国联邦存款保险机构(FDIC)宣布,再接管三家破产银行,即佐治亚州的商业银行Silverton Bank、新泽西州的Citizens Community Bank与犹他州的America West Bank。

  据了解,Silverton并无直接承办消费者存款业务,而是向全美近1400家银行提供服务,FDIC为其破产成立一家过渡银行,接管 Silverton业务。截至目前,该行总资产近41亿美元,存款总额高达33亿美元,FDIC存保基金为接管该行耗资近13亿美元,成为继去年11月 Downey Financial被迫结业以后,最大宗的银行破产案例。

  “ 今年以来,美国商业银行纷纷倒下,让人联想起上世纪三十年代美国大萧条期间那场惊天动地的银行倒闭潮。”德意志银行全球分析师高登表示。资料显示,在那次大萧条中,美国共有9755家银行破产,占当时银行总数的1/3。观察人士表示,虽然从数量上来看,此次美国银行业危机远不能和那时相提并论,但在市场环境已发生巨变的时代背景下,目前仍出现如此规模的银行倒闭,实属触目惊心。


  笔者从有关渠道了解到,FDIC已完成一份报告,对2009年美国商业银行的发展趋势进行分析。报告称,美国本土小型商业银行2009年将可能集中破产。据估计,今年最少有100家银行倒闭。这些银行破产,需要美国联邦储蓄保险公司的保障额度是1500亿美元,但联邦储蓄保险公司只有不到500 亿美元自有资产,如果危机爆发,它只能陷入困境,最终向美国财政部求援。


  野村证券最近的一份全球银行业报告称,2009年美国和欧盟国家许多金融衍生产品到期日也是违约大面积发生之时。其中,利率可调节按揭贷款 (ARM)发行的高峰期是2005年----2006年两年,总量估计有数千亿美元。ARM如果三年到期,今年和明年就是还款高峰期。由于美国房子断供导致还款出现问题,未来ARM的大量违约已成定局。由于ARM在商业地产和住宅贷款中都存在,这必然会给很多商业银行造成损失。


  上述估计有其依据。自本世纪以来,全球银行业绩萎缩,银行越大亏损越多。2001年1000家大银行的税前利润总额为2228亿美元,比 2000年的3170亿美元下降29.7%,降幅超出1998年亚洲金融危机所造成银行利润14.9%的降幅。其中全球最大的25家银行的利润总额减少一半。






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