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高考: China 9 hour college exam字体[ ] 颜色[ 绿 ]
分类:随笔小记  创建于:2009-06-14 被查看:2830次 [收藏:日记|作者] [评论]
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高考: China 9 hour college exam

If you hated the SAT, be glad you never faced the "gao kao."


※ 来源: http://www.JiaoYou8.com ※
 
unavail
45岁,加州
评论于:2009-06-14 12:32:14  [评论]
1020万考生今日将参加高考 实拍考场内外

中新网6月7日电 2009年全国高考今日正式拉开帷幕,将有1020万考生进入考场。各地纷纷掀起“爱心送考”热潮,并呼吁高考期间少开两天车,交管部门也为高考亮起“绿灯”。气象部门预计,高考期间,全国大部分地区天气凉爽,天气情况总体来说比较适合考生考场发挥。教育部也在考前发出温馨提示,提醒考生如有发热等不适症状主动报告。

教育部发高考预警和“五项禁令”

教育部近日发布了009年高考第1号预警,提醒考生和家长不要听信违法犯罪分子的谣言,不要购买、使用虚假高考试题、答案和作弊器材,不要违规越线。对高考作弊者,一旦查获,不仅取消今年录取资格,还将取消下一年度报名资格,违反法律的将依法追究法律责任。

高考前一日,教育部再次发出“五项禁令”:一、严禁高一高二在校生参加高考;二、严禁利用无线通讯工具作弊;三、严禁组织或参与群体性舞弊;四、严禁由他人代替考试或代他人考试;五、严禁骗取高考报名资格参加考试。违规考生将取消考试资格,有关人员将依法依纪处理。

 

6月7日,在河北省国家教育考试考务指挥中心,工作人员在网上巡视考场。

6月7日,北京市京原学校考点,一名考生入场前和家长拥抱。当天,全国高考开始。新华网 前卫 摄

6月6日下午,福建晋江第一中学高考考点迎来了许多高考考生熟悉考场。翱翔/CFP

各地为高考“亮绿灯” 倡少开两天车

北京市交管部门推出高考期间九项措施,规定6月8日(周一)接送考生车辆不受尾号限行限制,一旦被电子眼拍摄,事后车主可持高考考生准考证(含复印件)去执法站说明情况免于处罚。

深圳出租车公司二百多辆免费服务考生的“爱心的士”已被全部预订,特区内七百多人次高考考生将享受免费出租车接送进考场。

西安527辆警车变为高考服务车,遇有考生因走错路、未带准考证、迟到等特殊原因急需抵达考点的特殊救助需要,交警将无条件予以服务。

石家庄市公交总公司决定,高考期间,所有考生均可凭准考证免费乘坐公交车,同时在途经考点多的主要公交线路增加运力。

为减少高考两天的堵车,保证考生在上考场途中一路顺利,郑州交管部门倡议6月7日、8日“少开两天车”,给孩子们让路。即使非开车不可,也避开学生前往考场的高峰期,别按车喇叭。

天津市急救中心推出一系列举措服务高考考生,对考试期间因突发急病的考生,使用救护车的医疗费和救护车免费。

高考期间天气总体比较适合考生发挥

中央气象台6日举行的全国天气预报会商认为,6月7至9日高考期间,全国的天气情况总体来说比较适合考生考场发挥。

会商认为,未来3天,华北、黄淮等地多阵雨或雷阵雨,部分地区有中雨,局地大雨或者暴雨;部分伴有雷雨大风、冰雹等强对流天气。要注意防范,及时预警。华北等地多阵性降水,会对考生的出行交通造成影响,因此城市交通成为服务重点,气象部门要积极做好服务预案,为广大考生提供更加贴切的服务。

中央气象台预计,高考期间,西北地区东部、华北、黄淮、江淮、汉水流域、江南等地有一次降雨天气过程,部分地区有短时雷雨大风等强对流天气;新疆北部、西南地区、华南地区西部、东北及内蒙古东部多阵雨或雷阵雨天气;上述大部分地区考生需注意做好防雷防雨准备。7日至8日,江南地区中东部、华南地区东部以晴热少雨天气为主,局部地区日最高气温可达35℃以上。



入场前的最后“一关” 新华网 摄影李清



结束高考语文走出来的学生 摄影 李清

 
unavail
45岁,加州
评论于:2009-06-14 12:30:49  [评论]

China 9 hour college exam

 

If you hated the SAT, be glad you never faced the "gao kao."

 

 

 

China’s College Entry Test Is an Obsession


Adam Dean for The New York Times

Nervous family members and well-wishers waited Sunday outside in Tianjin, China, as students took the test that will determine whether they will go to college.

 

By SHARON LaFRANIERE


Published: June 12, 2009

TIANJIN, China — For the past year, Liu Qichao has focused on one thing, and only one thing: the gao kao, or the high test.

Fourteen to 16 hours a day, he studied for the college entrance examination, which this year will determine the fate of more than 10 million Chinese students. He took one day off every three weeks.


He was still carrying his textbook from room to room last Sunday morning before leaving for the exam site, still reviewing materials during the lunch break, still hard at work Sunday night, preparing for Part 2 of the exam that Monday.

“I want to study until the last minute,” he said. “I really hope to be successful.”

China may be changing at head-twirling speed, but the ritual of the gao kao (pronounced gow kow) remains as immutable as chopsticks. One Chinese saying compares the exam to a stampede of “a thousand soldiers and 10 horses across a single log bridge.”

The Chinese test is in some ways like the American SAT, except that it lasts more than twice as long. The nine-hour test is offered just once a year and is the sole determinant for admission to virtually all Chinese colleges and universities. About three in five students make the cut.

Families pull out all the stops to optimize their children’s scores. In Sichuan Province in southwestern China, students studied in a hospital, hooked up to oxygen containers, in hopes of improving their concentration.

Some girls take contraceptives so they will not get their periods during the exam. Some well-off parents dangle the promise of fabulous rewards for offspring whose scores get them into a top-ranked university: parties, 100,000 renminbi in cash, or about $14,600, or better.

“My father even promised me, if I get into a college like Nankai University in Tianjin, ‘I’ll give you a prize, an Audi,’ ” said Chen Qiong, a 17-year-old girl taking the exam in Beijing.

Outside the exam sites, parents keep vigil for hours, as anxious as husbands waiting for their wives to give birth. A tardy arrival is disastrous. One student who arrived four minutes late in 2007 was turned away, even though she and her mother knelt before the exam proctor, begging for leniency.

Cheating is increasingly sophisticated. One group of parents last year outfitted their children with tiny earpieces, persuaded a teacher to fax them the questions and then transmitted the answers by cellphone. Another father equipped a student with a miniscanner and had nine teachers on standby to provide the answers. In all, 2,645 cheaters were caught last year.

Critics complain that the gao kao illustrates the flaws in an education system that stresses memorization over independent thinking and creativity. Educators also say that rural students are at a disadvantage and that the quality of higher education has been sacrificed for quantity.

But the national obsession with the test also indicates progress. Despite a slight drop in registration this year — the first decline in seven years — five million more students signed up for the test than did so in 2002.

China now has more than 1,900 institutions of higher learning, nearly double the number in 2000. Close to 19 million students are enrolled, a sixfold jump in one decade.

Liu Qichao, 19, a big-boned student with careful habits, plans to be the first in his family to go to college. “There just were not a lot of universities then,” said his father, Liu Jie, who graduated from high school in 1980 and sells textile machinery. His son harbors hopes of getting into one of China’s top universities.

But the whole family was shaken by the results of his first try at the gao kao last June.

The night before the exam, he lingered at his parents’ bedside, unable to sleep for hours. “I was so nervous during the exam my mind went blank,” he said. He scored 432 points out of a possible 750, too low to be admitted even to a second-tier institution.

Silence reigned in the house for days afterward. “My mother was very angry,” he said. “She said, ‘All these years of raising you and washing your clothes and cooking for you, and you earn such a bad score.’

“I cried for half a month.”

Then the family arrived at a new plan: He would enroll in a military-style boarding school in Tianjin, devoting himself exclusively to test preparation, and retake the test this June.

Despite the annual school fee of 38,500 renminbi (about $5,640) — well above the average annual income for a Chinese family — he had plenty of company.

One of his classmates, Li Yiran, a cheerful 18-year-old, estimated that more than one-fourth of the seniors at their secondary school, Yangcun No. 1 Middle School, were “restudy” students.

Ms. Li said she learned the hard way about the school’s strict regimen. When her cellphone rang in class one day, the teacher smashed it against the radiator. Classes continue for three weeks straight, barely interrupted by a one-day break.

Days after most of their classmates left for home, Mr. Liu and Ms. Li were still holed up last week in their classrooms. Mr. Liu’s wrist was bruised from pressing the edge of his blue metal desk, piled with a foot-high stack of textbooks.

Ms. Li’s breakfast was a favorite among test-takers: a bread stick next to two eggs, symbolizing a 100 percent score.

Hours after they finished the test on Monday, both students had collected the answers from the district education bureau and begun the laborious process, with the help of their teachers, of estimating their scores.

Mr. Liu calculated that his score leaped by more than 100 points over last year’s dismal performance. But he was still downcast, uncertain whether he would make the cutoff to apply to top-tier universities. The cutoff mark can vary by an applicant’s place of residence and ethnicity.

Ms. Li, on the other hand, was exhilarated by her estimate of 482.5, figuring it was probably high enough for admittance to a college of the second rank.

By Wednesday evening, both were buoyed by news of the cutoff scores for their district. His estimated mark was well above the one needed to apply to first-tier schools, and hers was a solid five points above the notch for the second tier.

Before the test, Ms. Li’s aunt warned her that this was her last chance for a college degree. Even if she knelt before her mother and begged, her aunt said, her mother would refuse to let her take the test again.

But Ms. Li, a hardened veteran of not one but two gao kao ordeals, had a ready retort: “Come on. Even if my mother kneels down before me, I will refuse to take this test again.”

Huang Yuanxi contributed research

 
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