// he he
// 抄袭 == 犯罪
// 抄袭 == 零度容忍 (Zero Tolerance)
// in U.S., plagiarism is disapproved in both academic world and commercial world. it is infringement of intellectual copyright. one take liability of plagiarism from depriving of job or academic or commercial titles, fines, or even go to jail.
Plagiarism is defined in dictionaries as the "wrongful appropriation," "close imitation," or "purloining and publication" of another author's "language, thoughts, ideas, or expressions," and the representation of them as one's own original work, but the notion remains problematic with nebulous boundaries. The modern concept of plagiarism as immoral and originality as an ideal emerged in Europe only in the 18th century, particularly with the Romantic movement, while in the previous centuries authors and artists were encouraged to "copy the masters as closely as possible" and avoid "unnecessary invention."
The 18th century new morals have been institutionalized and enforced prominently in the sectors of academia and journalism, where plagiarism is now considered academic dishonesty and a breach of journalistic ethics, subject to sanctions like expulsion and other severe career damage. Not so in the arts, which not only have resisted in their long-established tradition of copying as a fundamental practice of the creative process, but with the boom of the modernist and postmodern movements in the 20th century, this practice has been heightened as the central and representative artistic device. Plagiarism remains tolerated by 21st century artists.
Plagiarism is not a crime per se but is disapproved more on the grounds of moral offence, and cases of plagiarism can involve liability for copyright infringement.
国与国 ==> 是竞争。
普世价值重要 ==> 更重要是 ==> 保护国家子民。
rimmaapl 发表评论于 2012-08-25 15:56:12
南冰洋 发表评论于 2012-08-25 15:35:53
这里除了为三星工作的， 都支持苹果。 三星当年考抄日本起家， 现在又想故伎重演。 没想到美国人可没那么好讲话。