// without democracy, both are impotent. // in non-democratic political system, "loyal family parties" are better than "Tuan Pai parties". because they are fixed numbers and more "ba qi" with their parentile old "guang zao". if they are doing right, they are ok. or else, they are profiteers. // "tuan pai parties" are neither elected. they are new "loyal family parties" without the parentile "guang zao". they might be ok. however it is difficult to see much accomplishments. with more and more new "loyal family parties", they will be more hungry loyal families to become profiteers.
// the only bright future is the national election. why? all parties need to compete. and the elected party needs to write off the check when onboard and they need pay off the check when political term ends with either re-election or going away.